Topological phases in ferroelectric materials

22.10.2019 13:00 – 14:30

Complex topological configurations are a fertile area to explore novel emergent phenomena and exotic phases in Condensed-Matter Physics. The discovery of magnetic skyrmions one decade ago [1] have triggered a flurry of research on these particle-like nanometer-sized topologically protected spin textures, mostly motivated by their potential use in spintronic devices such as race track memories [2]. Since then, researchers have long wondered whether ferroelectrics may present topological textures akin to magnetic skyrmions and chiral bubbles. In this quest, the side by side advances in experimental growth and characterization techniques, and the development of new modelling tools are of paramount importance. In this respect, the emerging field of second-principles simulations [3-4], where an effective model is constructed by a judicious choice of the essential physics, and the parameters of the model are extracted by fitting to Density Functional Theory, are proving increasingly valuable in the study of large systems, overlapping in size with those that can be currently grown by atomic layer deposition methods. As a result of this continuous feedback between theory and experiment, the recent discovery of polarization vortices [5] and their associated complex-phase coexistence and response under applied fields in superlattices of (PbTiO3)n/(SrTiO3)n [6] suggests the presence of a complex, multi-dimensional system capable of emergent physical responses, such as a chirality [7]. In this talk, I shall describe the latest developments to create, tune, and characterize topological textures in ferroelectrics [8,9]. Polar structures with a well-defined topological charge and chirality will be presented. The stabilization of such non-uniform polarization topology results in highly enhanced susceptibilities, and also provides a pathway for engineering novel functionalities previously inaccessible, such as regions with negative capacitance [10].
Financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through Grant FIS2015-64886-C5-2-P

[1] N. Nagaosa and Y. Tokura, Nature Nanotechnology, 8, 899-911 (2013), and references therein.
[2] S.S. Parkin, M. Hayashi, and L. Thomas, Science, 320, 190-194 (2008)
[3] J. Wojdel et al., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 25, 305401 (2013)
[4] P. García-Fernández et al., Physical Review B, 93, 195137 (2016)
[5] A.K. Yadav et al., Nature, 530, 198-201 (2016)
[6] A.R. Damodaran et al., Nature Materials, 16, 1003-1009 (2017)
[7] P. Shafer et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115, 915-920 (2018)
[8] M. A. Pereira Gonçalves et al., Science Advances, 5, eaau7023 (2019)
[9] S. Das et al., Nature 568, 368 (2019)
[10] A.K. Yadav et al., Nature, 565, 468-471 (2019)


Bâtiment: Ecole de Physique

Auditoire Stückelberg

Organisé par

Département de physique de la matière quantique


Javier Junquera, Professor, Departmento de Ciencias de la Tierra y Física de la Materia Condensada, Facultad de Ciencias Universidad de Cantabria, Santander,

entrée libre


Catégorie: Séminaire